What are the 4 core types of mindfulness in buddhism?

Kāya-smṛti), the mindfulness of feelings (Pāli vedanā-sati; Skt. mindfulness of the mind (Pāli citta-sati; Skt.

What are the 4 core types of mindfulness in buddhism?

Kāya-smṛti), the mindfulness of feelings (Pāli vedanā-sati; Skt.


of the mind (Pāli citta-sati; Skt. Mindfulness of principles or phenomena (Pāli dhammā-sati; Skt. Of the four applications of mindfulness, contemplation of the body deals with the material side of existence, the two with the middle, with the mental side, and the last, with the exploration of experience in a way that reflects the objective of teaching.

The four unfold in a defined sequence, starting with the body as the crudest and culminating in the last, which is the most subtle. It is said that contemplation of the body (kayanupassana) comprises fourteen exercises, but since the last nine are simple variations of a single principle, in practice there are six. The next basis of mindfulness is the contemplation of feeling (vedananupassana). The word “feeling” here does not refer to emotion, but to the naked affective tone of the experience, whether pleasant, painful, or neutral.

In the early stages of contemplating feeling, one simply observes the different qualities of feelings as pleasant, painful, or neutral. One sees feeling as a naked mental fact, devoid of all subjective references, everything points to a “me” that experiences feeling. As the practice progresses, it is distinguished whether the feeling is worldly, which tends to attachment, or spiritual, which tends to detachment.

Over time, the focus shifts from the tone of feelings to the process of feeling in oneself, which is revealed as an incessant flow of feelings that arise and dissolve, one after the other, without pause.


This marks the beginning of the understanding of impermanence, which, as it evolves, nullifies the greed for pleasant feelings, the aversion for painful feelings, and the illusion for neutral feelings. Mindfulness of the body is the first base of mindfulness. It's about recognizing the body as a body, something that is experienced as a collection of parts, not as a solid, unified thing. Some ways to experience mindfulness of the body include:.

The first base is mindfulness of the body. This is an awareness of the body as a body, something that is experienced as breathing and flesh and blood. It's not a way you're inhabiting. The second base is mindfulness of feelings, both of bodily sensations and of emotions.

In meditation, one learns to observe emotions and sensations that come and go, without judgment and without identifying with them. In other words, they're not my feelings, and feelings don't define who you are. The third base is mindfulness of the mind or consciousness. The mind at this base is called cita.

This is a different mind from the one that thinks, thinks, or makes judgments. Citta is more like consciousness or consciousness. The fourth foundation is Dharma mindfulness. Here we open ourselves to the whole world, or at least to the world we experience.

There are many ways to describe the path from mindfulness of the body to the subtle awareness of the true essence of reality. The Four Foundations of Mindfulness Are One. The four foundations of mindfulness come from Satipatthana Sutta, a well-known Buddhist text that offers detailed meditation instructions. All four are presented in sequence and range from the most dense level of our meditation experience to the most subtle.

For example, our practice begins with mindfulness of the body and breathing, our material world. As we go deeper, we become aware of our inner world, our thoughts and feelings. At the deepest levels of meditation, conceptualization ends, as does the sense of separation between subject and object. There are endless ways to meditate on the four foundations of mindfulness.

This practice begins with breathing mindfulness. As the mind stabilizes, mindfulness meditations can lead you to deeper contemplation and lead you to deep insight. Buddhists in the Theravada tradition have never lost the great importance of the Mindfulness Discourse. Many people with no particular interest in the rest of Buddhism have adopted mindfulness meditation, and some psychologists have adopted mindfulness techniques as a therapeutic practice.

The third foundation of mindfulness is the contemplation of the mind (cittanupassana), which actually means the observation of mental states. Genuine mindfulness requires discipline, and Buddha advised working with four foundations to train oneself to be mindful. The following exercise, called mindfulness and clear understanding, applies mindfulness to the various activities of daily living. Here, the monks, a monk, who has gone to the forest, to the foot of a tree or to an empty place, sits cross-legged, keeps his body upright and his mindfulness alert.

The last mindfulness exercise of the body consists of a series of nine contemplations on the ground, meditations on the disintegration of the body after death. VIII) by Bhikkhu Ñanamoli, or to The Mindfulness of Breathing by Monje Ñanamoli, and to The Heart of Buddhist Meditation, by Nyanaponika Thera. Regarding each contemplation, the text tells us that the practitioner inhabits “ardent, understanding with clarity and consciousness”, having left aside longing and despondency with respect to the world. When practicing conscious breathing, the focus should be on the tip of the nose or on the point of the upper lip immediately below where the air current can be felt.

We take note of how thoughts and mental states apparently arise out of nowhere, last for a while and then disappear once again. Mindworks created its 9-Level Journey to Wellness and other inspirational courses so you can enjoy the full potential of a regular meditation practice. Here, bhikkhus, when the illumination factor of mindfulness is present, the monk knows that the illumination factor of mindfulness is in me, or when the enlightenment factor of mindfulness is absent, knows that the enlightenment factor of mindfulness is not in me; and he knows how the emergence of the unemerged arises the mindfulness lighting factor; and how perfection occurs in the development of the lighting factor arising from mindfulness. .